While one of the least complicated parts of the guitar strings are one of the most important parts. Without strings, guitars can't make sounds. The average guitar comes with 6 strings tuned to "standard" tuning which is E A D G B E (starting from the thickest string going to the thinnest). Many companies are now making extended range guitars these days which make it capable to have more strings such as 7, 8, 9, or even 10 string guitars, though the more strings you add the harder is to find companies who make them.
String tension can be changed by adjusting the tuning pegs on the headstock to create different overall tunings. Some of the most common tunings are Standard, Drop Tuning, and Open tunings. The table below has examples of each.
|Tuning Name||String Tunings|
|Standard||E A D G B e|
|Half Step Down||D# G# C# F# A# d#|
|Full Step Down||D G C F A d|
|Drop D||D A D G B e|
|Open D||D A D F# A d|
|Drop C||C G C F A D|